17 Nov, 2019

  • Surveillance in India - Polity
  • Minimum wages code -Economy
  • Places of Worship Act - Society
  • Wasteland - Environment
  • Tuberculosis - Social Issues
  • Practice Questions

Prelims Quiz


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    Fixing a minimum wage

    Presently, there are around 44 central laws regulating different aspects of labour such as resolution of industrial disputes, working conditions in factories, and wage and bonus payments. In line with the recommendations of Second National Commission on Labour, the government aims to simplify, rationalise and amalgamate various labour laws into four Labour Codes- Code on Wages; Industrial Relations; Social Security and Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions.

    In this regard, the Rajya Sabha has recently passed the  Code on Wages Bill, 2019. It will be the first Code to become an Act out of the four Codes. It is considered to be one of the major labour reforms introduced by the Government. Let us understand various aspects of the Code on wages Bill.

    • Important provisions of the Code on Wages
    • How the Code on Wages would benefit?


    What does the Places of Worship Act protect?

    The Supreme Court’s Ram Janmabhoomi verdict repeatedly invoked the Places of Worship (Special Provisions) Act 1991, which seeks to maintain the “religious character” of holy structures as it was at Independence. In a nutshell, the Act prohibits the conversion of a temple into a mosque and vice versa.

    The Act was passed during the first year of the P.V. Narasimha Rao government in September 1991, over a year before the demolition of the Babri Masjid. The disputed site at Ayodhya was exempted from the Act. 

    The court Saturday set aside the disputed Ayodhya site for a Ram temple but it cited the essence of the Act to rebuke the fundamentalists who sought to avenge the excesses of invaders to tear down the 16th-century Babri Masjid in 1992.

    • Objective of the act and its impact on Ayodhya judgement
    • Act does not apply to Ayodhya dispute
    • An instrument to preserve secularism


    SeeTB: new diagnostic tool for detecting tuberculosis

    Researchers from Jamia Hamdard University have developed a diagnostic tool that improves early detection of cases of TB. The diagnostic tool developed is a battery-operated device, SeeTB that converts the microscope into a fluorescence microscope which facilitates quicker and better detection of the pathogen.

    • In brief: Tuberculosis
    • Basics
    • Prevention and Treatment
    • TB incidence in India
    • Eradicating TB in India
    • Challenges to eliminate TB in India


    Wasteland conversion threatens livelihoods, ecological balance’  

    Recently a Wastelands Atlas was prepared in collaboration with the National Remote Sensing Centre and released by the Land Resources Department.

    • Definitions
    • Why is conversion taking place?
    • Example of Conversion of wasteland
    • Impact of converting the wastelands


    What are the surveillance laws in India?

    Recently Pegasus malware developed by Israel-based cyber-intelligence firm is known to have invaded the privacy of a number of people around the world including Indian journalists, lawyers and human rights activists. Whastapp acted as the conduit through which the malware was circulated and thus being question by Indian government. Meanwhile, Pegasus-maker NSO has iterated that the company only makes cyber-intelligence products to sovereign governments around the world inciting curiosity on the role of Indian government in the matter. In this context this article analyses legal provisions for surveillance in India and undertand the potential harm illegal surveillance can have on Right to Privacy, a fundamental right guaranteed under Article 21 of the Constitution.