GS Paper III Mains 2019 Question Analysis

  • What are the reformative steps undertaken by the Government to make the Food distribution system more effective?

Mains Assignment Question

What are the reformative steps undertaken by the Government to make the Food distribution system more effective? (250 Words)

Subjects : Economic-Social Development

Answer Approach :

Introduction: 

  • Highlight the Importance of Food Grain Distribution and certain fundamental flaws.
  • Keep it brief (not to exceed 3-4 Statements)

Body:

  • Highlight the various reformative steps undertaken/schemes introduced by the Government for improving each of the dimension of the Food grain Distribution.
  • Use a bullet list. Start every new point with the name of the scheme/step/dimension.

Conclusion:

  • Way forward/recommendations by committees (Shanta Kumar Committee & Nandan Nilekani Committee) for bringing further reforms.
  • Keep it brief (not to exceed 3-4 Statements)

Divya .

Public distribution system under food security act 2013 aims at providing subsidising food grains to nearly two third of population. However the current system is flawed with certain issues.

The PDS system has certain issues like leakages in delivery, exclusion errors, lack of funds and less storage capacity. In order to fight these challenges reformative steps have been taken-

1. Automation of fair price shops

2. Digitisation - using direct benefit transfer (DBT) and biometric system.

3. The Aadhar card and digital ration card have helped in eliminating duplication and fake beneficiaries.

4. End to end computerisation to curb diversion of food grains by tracking its delivery through GPS.

5. Use of web based citizen portals

6. The one nation one ration card- the system of portable ration cards is on agenda and will help poor migrant labours.

The PDS system can be strengthened by:- 

1. Engaging private sector in food security

2. Taking steps to prevent leakages

3. Improve storage capacity

Food security is necessity for development. The recommendations by Shanta kumar committee and Nandan committee should be implemented. The concept of competitive federalism among state will also ensure effective food distribution.

 

 

Feedback:
Rating :
★★★★★★★★★★ ★★★★★★★★★★
(3/10)

Public distribution system under food security act 2013 aims at providing subsidising food grains to nearly two third of population. However the current system is flawed with certain issues. (Introduction is little bit informative in nature and more competency can be brought by adding it to concept of ‘Social Welfare’.)

The PDS system has certain issues like leakages in delivery, exclusion errors, lack of funds and less storage capacity. (For this information you can draw a flow chart which will help you in displaying well your content and including more points using fewer words.) In order to fight these challenges reformative steps have been taken-

  1. Automation of fair price shops
  2. Digitisation - using direct benefit transfer (DBT) and biometric system.
  3. The Aadhar card and digital ration card have helped in eliminating duplication and fake beneficiaries.
  4. End to end computerisation to curb diversion of food grains by tracking its delivery through GPS.
  5. Use of web based citizen portals
  6. The one nation one ration card- the system of portable ration cards is on agenda and will help poor migrant labours.

(Most of your points are written in a very scattered manner and are loosely displayed. You can organise them in better ways by segregating them under different categories and then mention the govt steps. This will help you in refining and fine tuning content and direction of content with the demand of the question.)

 

The PDS system can be strengthened by:-

  1. Engaging private sector in food security
  2. Taking steps to prevent leakages
  3. Improve storage capacity

(Your points are good but there is no concrete suggestion which can be taken. Points are generic in nature)

Food security is necessity for development. The recommendations by Shanta kumar committee and Nandan committee (Very good) should be implemented. The concept of competitive federalism among state will also ensure effective food distribution.

Overall Suggestions:

  • Your answer is good in direction and content.
  • You need to organise content in better way. Try to categorise the points.
  • Answer is generic in nature and most of the points do not have concrete substance.
  • Question is particularly asking for the steps taken and you have mentioned very few steps by name. Please write about few programs and schemes.
  • Second part of the answer should be reduced as we are already writing about the steps taken for effectiveness. Lengthier second part suggests that steps taken till now are insufficient and ineffective. So keep it short and focus on demand of the question.

 

All the best!

Add your Answer below

Description

The PDS system is one of the largest social security schemes accounting for around 1% (1.4 lakh crores) of India's GDP. However, the PDS system has remained ineffective as evident in India's poor ranking on GHI and HCI.

Reform Measures

1. Procurement:

  • Decentralised Procurement Scheme: To encourage the local procurement of the commodities by the states so as to reduce food subsidy bill.
  • PM-AASHA Scheme: 3 components- Price Support Scheme (PSS), Price Deficiency Payment system (PDPS) and Pilot of Private Procurement and Stockist Scheme (PPPS).

2. Transportation: States such as Chhattisgarh have adopted Global Positioning System (GPS) technology to track movement of trucks carrying food grains.

3. Storage: Private Entrepreneurs Guarantee (PEG) Scheme for construction of storage godowns in Public Private Partnership (PPP) mode in order to overcome storage constraints and ensure safe stocking of food grains.

4. Creation of Buffer Stocks: According to FCI, the country’s food grains stock was estimated to be 65 MT against the buffer requirement of 30 MT, which is almost 109 per cent more than the required quantity.

5. Distribution of Food grains: Expert studies have shown that PDS suffers from nearly 61% error of exclusion and 25% inclusion of beneficiaries leading to inefficient distribution.

  • End-to-end Computerization of TPDS Operations: Online allocation of food grains, SMS-based Monitoring, Digitisation of Ration cards and seeding them with Aadhaar, Electronic Point of Sale Question Analysis & Discussion (ePoS) devices at Fair Price Shops (FPSs) for distribution of food grains through Aadhaar authentication, Grievance Redressal mechanism etc.
  • DBT for Food Subsidy
  • One-Nation One Ration Card: For the benefit of migrant workers.
  • Schemes for the Poor: National Food Security Act, Mid-day meal scheme, Antyodaya Anna Yojana, Annapurna Scheme, Scheme for Adolescent Girls, Pilot Scheme on Fortification of Rice and its distribution under PDS etc.

6. Market Intervention:

  • Open Market sale Scheme: To Sell the excess stock of the central pool in the open market
  • Price Stabilization Fund: To offset the increase in the prices of Onions, Potato and pulses.

Undoubtedly, the various reform measures have led to improvement in transparency and financial savings. However, going forward, the Government has to implement some of the recommendations of Shanta Kumar Committee and Nandan Nilekani Committee such as End-to-end Computerization, timely allocation of food grains etc. Also, the Government needs to scrap Open-ended procurement policy as suggested by CACP.

Comments