GS Paper IV Mains 2019 Question Analysis

  • What is meant by crisis of conscience? How does it manifest itself in the public domain?

Mains Assignment Question

What is meant by ‘crisis of conscience’? How does it manifest itself in the public domain? (150 Words)

Subjects : ETHICS IN GOVERNANCE

Answer Approach :
  • Introduction: Define Crisis of Conscience
  • Body: Highlight how Crisis of Conscience manifests in Public Domain
  • Conclusion: Highlight the significance of Crisis of Conscience

Vikram Mor

Crisis of Conscience: Crisis of Conscience is a situation in which it is very difficult to decide what is right thing to do. It helps in decision making. The term is also used when someone is worrying because they think that they have done something unfair and morally wrong.

Gandhi ji says, "The human voice can never reach the distance that is covered by still small voice of conscience."

Crisis of conscience helps in Judicial decision making which helps to give benefit for mass section of society. In public domain it helps in free from external influences and selfish interests.

In the end i would like to conclude the significance of crisis of conscience in decision making because if we pause and listen to our conscience we often get answers of the question which get troubled to us an can make significant decision.

Feedback:
Rating :
★★★★★★★★★★ ★★★★★★★★★★
(3/10)

Crisis of Conscience: Crisis of Conscience is a situation in which it is very difficult to decide what is right thing to do. It helps in decision making. The term is also used when someone is worrying because they think that they have done something unfair and morally wrong.

Gandhi ji says, "The human voice can never reach the distance that is covered by still small voice of conscience."

Crisis of conscience helps in Judicial decision making which helps to give benefit for mass section of society. In public domain it helps in free from external influences and selfish interests. (Here you have deviated from the answer and written about the 'significance of voice of conscience', )

In the end i would like to conclude the significance of crisis of conscience in decision making because if we pause and listen to our conscience we often get answers of the question which get troubled to us an can make significant decision.

Overall Feedback:

1) You should follow the following structure in order to rightly address the demand of the question:

a) Elaborate on situations which lead to crisis of conscience, (Difference between what one believes and what one does)

b) Write how to resolve 'crisis of conscience' in public life.(Bridging the gap)

c) Also write about 'crisis of collective conscience' in public domain.

Punit Tiwari

Conscience is the knowledge of ourselves or the moral values that we have committed to. It is the ability of a person to select the best choice from the set of good choices for greater good.

In the line of duty for public officials only small amount of decisions are taken on static basis and thus due to dynamic situations there comes a time when decision has to be taken based upon personal discretion and Crisis of Consience happens when there occurs  a conflict of interest between personal good or the greater public good.

Eg. Consider a public officer assigned with a task of negotiating land prices for acquisition for government project and coincidentally happens to have an ancestral property in the same locality of village. Thus he becomes a potential beneficiary of this negotiating deal and thus happens a crisis of conscience .

Ways to deal this:

1.In the above given scenario the recommended way could be approaching the higher officials for your recusal from the negotiating team by stating the reasons for the same.

2.In the mean while taking decision to the best of ability and fairness.

3. Also 2nd Administrative Reforms Commission gives guidelines for the administration and code of conduct for public officials eg. Not accepting any gift or favours from anyone which might result into indebtedness thus influencing your decision.

5. Declaration of gifts by public officials of worth more than Rs.50,000 to the government. 

6. Acceptance of gift only from close relatives .

Thus, via these methods crisis of conscience could be prevented and thus enabling unbiased decisions for the greater good.

Feedback:
Rating :
★★★★★★★★★★ ★★★★★★★★★★
(1/10)

Conscience is the knowledge of ourselves or the moral values that we have committed to. It is the ability of a person to select the best choice from the set of good choices for greater good. (Introduction is good and conceptually right. You will be scoring only for this portion.)

In the line of duty for public officials only small amount of decisions are taken on static basis and thus due to dynamic situations there comes a time when decision has to be taken based upon personal discretion and Crisis of Consience happens when there occurs  a conflict of interest between personal good or the greater public good. (This portion is wrong and your perception needs to be refined. Crisis of conscience happens when one acts against one’s beliefs.)

Eg. Consider a public officer assigned with a task of negotiating land prices for acquisition for government project and coincidentally happens to have an ancestral property in the same locality of village. Thus he becomes a potential beneficiary of this negotiating deal and thus happens a crisis of conscience .

Ways to deal this:

1.In the above given scenario the recommended way could be approaching the higher officials for your recusal from the negotiating team by stating the reasons for the same.

2.In the mean while taking decision to the best of ability and fairness.

  1. Also 2nd Administrative Reforms Commission gives guidelines for the administration and code of conduct for public officials eg. Not accepting any gift or favours from anyone which might result into indebtedness thus influencing your decision.
  2. Declaration of gifts by public officials of worth more than Rs.50,000 to the government. 
  3. Acceptance of gift only from close relatives .

( This portion is irrelevant and does not establish link between demand of the question and answer)

Thus, via these methods crisis of conscience could be prevented and thus enabling unbiased decisions for the greater good.

Overall Feedback:

  • Crisis of conscience occur when one acts against his conscience e.g. In situations where one has to deal with illegal migrants, an officer may have to make a decision in accordance with the law of the land which may not necessarily satisfy one’s own conscience.
  • Use of force in same situations
  • Crisis of collective conscience leads to civil society activism e.g. Nirbhaya case, India against Corruption.
  • Your marks will be deducted for irrelevant content.

Please watch the discussion video and read the model answer, provided.

Feedback:
Rating :
★★★★★★★★★★ ★★★★★★★★★★
(2/10)

Overall Feedback:

1) Your answer has slightly deviated from the demand of the question. 

2) Right interpretation of question is required.

3) Answer is good in structure and presentation but not in terms of content due to misinterpretation of question. 

4) Specific comments are written on the answer sheet only, please refer.

Please watch the discussion video of the question for more clarity.

Add your Answer below

Description

The Crisis of Conscience refers to the situation in which one questions his/her actions because he thinks that his act is wrong or immoral. Here the individual thinks that his actions are against the voice of conscience and hence ethically not tenable. When there is a gap between real and ideal self, one often is trapped in the web of crisis of conscience.


The manifestations of Crisis of Conscience in Public Domain can be seen in the following manner:
1. Civil society activism
Ex: Arab Spring, Anti-corruption, Nirbhaya case, Me-Too movement, Occupy Wall street, Hong Kong Protests


2. Religious reforms
Ex: Banning of Untouchability, Sati etc.

3. Legal/Constitutional reforms
Ex: Section 377, Triple Talaq etc.

4. Acknowledgment of historical wrongs
Ex: Galileo case, Britain's apology to Jallianwala Bagh massacre

The Crisis of Conscience in Public Domain is a gateway to reforms and thus is a sign of the progress of any society.

Comments