GS Paper III Mains 2019 Analysis

  • Elaborate the policy taken by the Government of India to meet the challenges of Food Processing Sector.

Mains Assignment Question

Elaborate the policy taken by the Government of India to meet the challenges of Food Processing Sector. (250 Words)

Subjects : Economic-Social Development

Answer Approach :
  • Introduction: Highlight the significance and challenges of Food Processing Sector
  • Body: Breakdown the challenges into different stages of supply chain management and highlight policy initiatives to address those challenges.
  • Conclusion: Link the Food Processing sector and Government’s vision of doubling Farmers’ income; Also suggest some measures to stream the Policy initiatives
Rating :
★★★★★★★★★★ ★★★★★★★★★★

Overall Feedback:

Your answer is completely irrelevant as question is asking about Food Processing Industry and you are writing about Food Distribution System. 

Please read the question again and write your answer.

You need to work on grammar as there are few mistakes. 

Rating :
★★★★★★★★★★ ★★★★★★★★★★

Overall Feedback:

1) The direction of the answer is good but it lacks in addressing the exact demand of the question. 

2) In introduction part, instead of giving introduction of Food processing industry, you could write about the present situation of this industry in India. It will make your introduction more competent and relevant.

3) First part of your answer is in very detail and figures out the importance and challenges of Food processing industry. This part should be made brief because of following reasons:

a) it is not the direct demand of the question and if written in detailed manner, leaves less space for the actual demand of the question.

b) you have mentioned the problems in detailed manner but have not provided the steps taken by government to resolve the problems, hence, many of the challenges are unaddressed. 

c) it deviates the answers from the question.

4) Few aspects are missing from the main content such as provisions related to procurement, supply chain, adequate technology etc. 

5) In conclusion, content is good but is not in continuity with the points you have mentioned. Please try to bring more sync between content and conclusion. 

6) Try to make a balance between Importance, challenges and actual demand of the question. 

7) You have supplied relevant data but more concrete data is required in terms of Government Steps and their impact.

You tried well and more practice will bring more perfection in your answers.

All the best!

Rating :
★★★★★★★★★★ ★★★★★★★★★★

Overall Feedback

1) Your answer is covering the aspects in holistic manner and essential points are present.

2) The presentation is good.

3) You could have focused more on actual demand of the question and write more on Government initiatives.

4) Second part of the answers could have been made better, the kind of presentation in first part of the answer  can be used in second part also.

5) You can design the second part according to the different problems and write about the govt initiatives with fact and figures.In this way your answer will be more consolidated and organised. 

6) There is a complete lack of facts and figures. These are required to substantiate your views. 

7) conclusion is lengthy and can be cut short.

8) Overall direction and coverage of points is good.


All the best!!

Add your Answer below


The Food Processing Sector has emerged as a sunrise sector by consisting posting an average annual growth rate of more than 8%. However, the sector faces a number of structural bottlenecks such as availability of quality raw materials, lack of integrated domestic market due to restrictive state APMC acts, inefficient supply chain management etc.

The Government of India has taken a number of policy initiatives to address the various bottlenecks of the sector.

Quality Raw Materials: The availability of good quality raw materials round the year is considered as the major problem of the sector. In order to address this problem, the Government has taken number of policy initiatives such as setting up of farmer cooperatives and FPCs, TOP, NFSM, NHM, National Livestock Mission etc.

Procurement: The state APMC acts have prevented the Industry from procuring the agricultural produce directly from the farmers leading to inefficiencies in the supply chain. Further, lack of cold chain infrastructure has led to 20% post-harvest losses amounting to Rs 44,000 crores annually. In order to solve this problem, the policy initiatives include- Model APMC Act, Model Contract Farming Act, Allowing FDI in setting up Cold chain Infrastructure.

Processing: The Challenges faced here include lack of backward-forward linkages, higher capital requirements, obsolete technology, lack of skilled human resources, lack of focus on quality, lower investment in R&D leading to poor product innovation.
To solve these problems, the Government has launched umbrella scheme known as PM Kisan Sampada Yojana for the creation of modern infrastructure and efficient supply chain. Some of the components of the scheme include- Mega Food Park, Creation of Backward-forward linkages, Cold Chain Infrastructure, Food safety and quality assurance etc.

Other important initiatives include- 100% tax exemption for first 5 years, lower GST on the processed food products, setting up of National level organisations such as NIFTEM etc.

The Food Processing sector has the capability to reduce post-harvest losses and ensure better return to the farmers leading to the doubling of their income. The Various policy initiatives of the Government need to be further streamlined such as addressing the land acquisition for the mega food parks, faster implementation of model APMC act and Model Contract Farming act.