23 Oct, 2019

  • India - China Border disputes (lead Article) - International relations
  • Challenges to Fiscal federalism (Article) - Polity
  • India - Turkey - International Relations
  • Global Innovation index - Economy
  • Social Media Regulation - Security
  • Practice questions

Prelims Quiz


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    Leaving the door open to a border settlement (Lead Article)

    On the sideline of 2nd informal summit Chinese President Xi Jinping reiterated the need for an early settlement of the boundary issue that is fair, reasonable and mutually acceptable in accordance with the Guiding Principles document of 2005.

    • India - China Boundary Dispute
    • History of boundary formation
    • Western sector i.e. Aksai Chin Sector
    • Eastern sector: McMahon Line
    • Middle sector: Settled
    • Initiatives to resolve border issues
    • 21st Special Representative Meeting: key take aways


    Firm steps to ease the fiscal federalism tension (Article)

    Over a period of time, the fiscal federalism has become skewed towards the centre since the centre has encroached upon some of the taxation powers of the states. The two recent proposals of the central Government on setting up of Defence expenditure fund and Expenditure council would further erode the financial autonomy of the states.

    • Fiscal federalism
    • Expenditure Council
    • Understanding Fiscal Federalism
    • Importance of Fiscal Federalism
    • Defence Expenditure Fund
    • Proposal of Expenditure Council


    Global Innovation Index, 2019 (Data Point)

    India Makes Major Gains as Switzerland, Sweden, U.S., Netherlands, U.K. Top Ranking; Trade Protectionism Poses Risks for Future Innovation. It is released jointly by WIPO, Cornell University, INSEAD and the 2019 GII Knowledge Partners, the Confederation of Indian Industry, Dassault Systèmes - the 3DEXPERIENCE Company - and the National Confederation of Industry (CNI) – Brazil and Brazilian Micro and Small Business Support Service (Sebrae).

    • Global Innovation Index
    • Global Rank


    Looking at the larger picture – India Turkey (Article)

    India’s has recently put off Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to Turkey scheduled later this year. New Delhi decided to do so to express its displeasure over Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s United Nations General Assembly speech in September in which he criticised the Indian government’s move to remove the special status accorded to Jammu and Kashmir by diluting Article 370.  

    • Turkey’s Historical record
    • Unwise decision
    • India’s displeasure on Turkey
    • Article 370

    Court to look into govt. plea for access to WhatsApp chats

    The Supreme Court has decided to examine whether social media intermediaries, such as Facebook and WhatsApp, should facilitate the state to access encrypted and private conversations of citizens, in order to fight crime and terror. The court is waiting for the Centre to notify the revised Information Technology Intermediaries Guidelines (Amendment) Rules by January 15.

    • Information Technology Intermediaries Guidelines (Amendment) Rules
    • Social Media Intermediaries
    • Stricter regime for social media regulation
    • Menace of fake news, hate crimes etc.
    • Recent steps taken by the government
    • Intermediaries Liability regime in India