GS Paper 1 Mains 2019 Question Analysis
- Highlight the Central Asian and Greco Bactrian elements in the Gandhara art.
Mains Assignment Question
Highlight the Central Asian and Greco Bactrian elements in the Gandhara art. (150 Words)
Subjects : History of Modern India
- INTRODUCTION: Highlight about the Gandhara Art and its evolution
- BODY: Discuss as to how Central Asian and Greco Bactrian elements were incorporated in Gandhara Art.
- CONCLUSION: Highlight as to how Gandhara Art continuously evolved due to outside influences.
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The Gandhara art, propagated by Kushanas developed in the region extending from Punjab to the borders of Afghanistan. This region was the important centre of Mahayana Buddhism.
Greco-Bactrian Elements in Gandhara Art
Buddha was conceived in human form and his images were made in Greeco-Roman Style. Buddha resembled Greek God Apollo and hence even though the subject was Indian, but the art form was foreign. The Buddha is depicted with focus on bodily features such as curly hair, elongated ears, long nose, semi-transparent clothes and mandatory presence of halo around head.
Central Asian Elements
Some of the Influences of the Central Asia in the Gandhara art form include:
- Oval Face of Buddha
- Broad Muscular Shoulder
- Slightly chubby cheeks
- Elongated Ears
Thus, owing to its strategic location the Gandhara School imbibed all kinds of foreign influences like Persian, Greek, Roman, Saka and Kushan.