24 Feb, 2020

  • Demographic dividend - challenges and solution (Article) - economy
  • Subterranean fish of Meghalaya - Env
  • Need for Reservation for SC ( Article ) - Polity
  • Payyanur and Freedom struggle - History
  • Olive Ridley turtles - Env
  • Malai Mahadeshwara Wildlife Sanctuary - Env
  • Future for world's children report - Social Issues
  • R&D Funding (Reference)
  • Tools of Base erosion and Profit shifting (Reference)
  • Practice Questions

Prelims Quiz


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    Youth can be a clear advantage for India

    • India’s population is among the youngest in an ageing world.
    • A demographic dividend, said to have commenced around 2004-05, is available for close to five decades. This is an extraordinary opportunity. There are however, two caveats.
    • Key Points
    • Need for skills
    • The need:
    • Women issues
    • Health care


    Battling for the downtrodden

    The Supreme Court has ruled that quotas and reservations for promotions for government jobs are not a fundamental right, setting aside an Uttarakhand High Court order of 2012.

    The top court has also said that States could not be forced to make such provisions without data showing imbalance in representation of certain communities in public service.

    Let us now analyse the condition of the Dalits in this respect:

    • Practice of untouchability
    • Representation of people belonging to SC community in services
    • Under-representation of Dalits in ownership of land and enterprise:
    • Literacy
    • Wealth
    • Employment status
    • Are affirmative action policies sufficient?
    • So what should be done?


    Payannur’s Gandhi Connection

    Payyanur taluk, situated on the banks of the Perumba river in Kerala’s Kannur district, played a significant role in India’s struggle for independence and also has a historical engagement with Gandhian thought and action.

    • Historical Importance of Payyanur in Kerala
    • Koyapalli Kelappan Nair
    • Anti-untouchability Movement
    • Ananda Shenoy


    MM Hills sanctuary to be a tiger reserve soon

    Malai Mahadeshwara Wildlife Sanctuary in Karnataka’s Chamarajanagar district is expected to be notified soon as Tiger Reserve by National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA).

    • Malai Mahadeshwara Wildlife Sanctuary
    • How is Tiger Reserve notified?


    No country is doing enough for their children

    No single country is adequately protecting children’s health, their environment and their future, according to a recently released report by a Commission of more than 40 child and adolescent health experts from around the world. The Commission was convened by the World Health Organization (WHO), UNICEF and The Lancet.

    • Findings of the report


    Cherish our biodiversity, say PM

    Prime Minister Mr. Narendra Modi, in his regular radio address through Man Ki Baat, has highlighted the importance of Biodiversity. He quoted the discovery fish in Meghalaya recently. In this scope let’s explore more about this new variety of fish discovered.

    • Features of the Sub-terranean fish found
    • But how did it go undetected for so long?
    • What about conservation? Are there any known threats to the fish's survival?


    Rushikuliya Rookery all set to welcome olive ridley

    Preparations are almost done at the Rushikulya rookery on the Odisha coast to welcome and protect olive ridley turtles during mass nesting, likely to begin in a week.

    Eggs from sporadic nesting that has been going on for the past two months, which were incubated at artificial hatcheries of the forest department.

    • About olive Ridley
    • IUCN Status