12 June, 2020

  • A case for quiet diplomacy (Soft Power & Quiet Diplomacy) (International Relations)
  • IITMadras top institution in govt. ranking (NIRF) (Misc)
  • Lion census method outdated: experts (Canine Distemper Virus) (Biology)
  • Govt. considering universal basic income, says NHRC (NHRC & UNHRC) (Misc)
  • First estimation exercise of Indian gaur in Nilgiris in recent years (Indian Gaur) (Environment & Ecology)
  • Question of the day

Prelims Quiz

    Solution.

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    Description
    A CASE FOR QUIET DIPLOMACY – ARTICLE
    In the context of international relations and politics, “Quiet Diplomacy” is a term that refers to themethod of prosecuting your strategy and seeking to achieve your goals using soft power.
    • Quiet Diplomacy
    • What is soft power?
    • Consensus building
    • What is the author's point of view?
    • Why author supports the soft diplomacy?
    IIT-MADRAS TOP INSTITUTION IN GOVT. RANKING
    National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) under ministry of HRD has released “India Rankings2020” of Institutions of Higher Education in 10 categories on the basis of their performance on fivebroad categories of parameters. This year, a new domain i.e. “Dental” has been introduced for thefirst time thereby increasing the total tally to 10 categories or subject domains.
    • About NIRF
    • Five broad generic groups of parameters
    • What are the 10 Categories or Subject Domain in which ranking is provided?
    • What is the purpose of NIRF?

    LION CENSUS METHOD OUTDATED: EXPERTS
    An outdated methodology and the true mortality from a virus affecting India’s lions dent the
    credibility of the Gujarat government’s claims on its lion population.
    • Canine Distemper Virus (CDV)
    • Protection for Asiatic Lions
    • Serengeti-Mara ecosystem of East Africa
    • Babesiosis outbreak
    • Maldharis

    GOVT. CONSIDERING UNIVERSAL BASIC INCOME, SAYS NHRC
    In its report, NHRC has informed the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) that the
    recommendation to implement Universal Basic Income (UBI) is under active consideration of thecentral government.
    • Why did NHRC submit its Report to UNHRC?
    • Cycles of the Universal Periodic Review
    • What is the Universal Periodic Review?
    • How was the UPR established?
    • What is the goal of UPR?
    • Other Important highlights of NHRC Report submitted to UNHRC
    FIRST ESTIMATION EXERCISE OF INDIAN GAUR IN NILGIRIS IN RECENT YEARS
    The first population estimation exercise of the Indian gaur carried out in the Nilgiris Forest Division in recent years, which was conducted in February of this year, has revealed that more than an estimated 2,000 Indian gaurs inhabit the entire division. Worryingly, the exercise has also revealed that the majority of the animals in “conflict-prone” areas in the division live perilously close to human habitations due to habitat loss and fragmentation, exacerbating the probability of having problematic interactions with humans.
    • Indian Gaur
    • Human-Animal conflict
    • Protection under IUCN














    Comments

    Vinit 5 months ago

    We all always welcome more knowledge enhancing MCQ from Ray's IAS Team.

    Snehil 5 months ago

    It appears that the answer for Q3 should be (a) as the second statement is only partially correct. The 2019 Amendment in the NHRC Act has added certain new ex-officio (deemed members) and so the number of deemed members stands at 7:addition, the Chairpersons of National Commissions. (Chairpersons of National Commission for Scheduled Castes,National Commission for Scheduled Tribes, National Commission for Women , National Commission for Minorities, National Commission for Backward Classes, National Commission for Protection of Child Rights; and the Chief Commissioner for Persons with Disabilities serve as ex officio members. )

    Sambhav Patni 5 months ago

    I also think answer to Q.3 should be (a) as the amendment to Protection of Human Rights Act(2019), has slightly changed the composition of NHRC. Initially, as per the act NHRC had 4 ex officio members but now as per the amendment NHRC has 7 ex officio members. Also the amendment provides for the appointment of 3 members having special knowledge in human rights (earlier 2 members were appointed). Out of these 3 members, at least one will be a woman. So, the new amendment will make the strength of full-time members (excluding chairperson) to 5 instead of 4.

    Please solve the query