20 July, 2020

  • A chance to restore the rule of law - Article (Polity & Governance)
  • Why a separate Anti-torture law? - Article (Polity & Governance)
  • Pulse Oximeters (Science & Technology)
  • Make the right call on 'Malabar' going QUAD - Article (International Relations)
  • China committing gross abuses against Uighurs: U.K. (World Geography)
  • Question for the Day

Prelims Quiz


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    A chance to restore the rule of law

    The basics of criminal jurisprudence as well citizen’s rights have been provided under Article, 20, 21 and 22 of the Indian Constitution. Rights of the accused as well as duties and responsibilities of police officer arresting an accused have been provided under Indian Penal Code, Code of Criminal Procedure and Indian Evidence Act.

    • In this discussion, we will understand:
      • Code of Criminal Procedure - Duties of Police Officer on Arresting a Person
      • Difference between cognizable and Non-Bailable offence
      • Rights of Person Arrested & Duties of Police Officer


    Why a separate anti-torture law?

    The author has criticized the Draft Prevention of Torture Bill, 2017 as being too harsh on police officers. 

    • So this will be a discussion on UN Convention against Torture (UNCAT) and India’s attempt to draft Anti-Torture Law
    • So we will learn:
      • Views of the Author
      • The UN Convention against Torture (UNCAT) – Salient Features
      • India’s attempt to draft Anti-Torture Law
      • 273rd Law Commission Report – Important Recommendations
      • Sovereign Immunity


    Pulse oximeters

    • Due to the asymptomatic nature of the majority of COVID-19 infections, a lot of coronavirus patients may suffer from abnormally low-levels of blood saturation without even realising it (dropping below 92 per cent).
    • While usually, such low-levels of blood oxygen may lead to symptoms like breathlessness, coronavirus patients may get used to the gradual decrease of oxygen levels in the body. Some of the other symptoms a patient battling low-levels of oxygen concentration include bouts of confusion and even euphoria.
    • This is where a pulse oximeter comes handy as it helps in detecting low levels of oxygen saturation in an otherwise asymptomatic coronavirus patient.
    • In this regard we will understand:
      • What is a pulse Oximeter
      • Blood Oxygen Saturation (SpO2)
      • Acceptable range of Oxyegen in the blood:
      • How Pulse Oximeter works?
      • Pulse Rate


    Make the right call on ‘Malabar’ going Quad

    There is speculation that Australia will join the Malabar military exercise along with China and USA. All the members of this drill are also the members of the Quadrilateral grouping which aims at countering China in the Indian Ocean region. So the author analyses the potential of this expansion of trilateral (Malabar)naval exercise into a quadrilateral one with Australia joining it.

    • In this regard we will go through:
      • Conflict
      • Need to reflect upon strategic rationale of the Quad
      • Operational Preparedness
      • Way forward


    China committing gross abuses against Uighurs: U.K.

    The largest of China's administrative regions, Xinjiang borders eight countries - Mongolia, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan and India - and until recently its population was mostly Uighur.


    SHAHROZ 7 months ago

    At where the Xinjiang region of China touches the Pakistani territory? Please Clarify.

    Shipra Anand 7 months ago

    1. Sir I don't understand the answer of 1st question here.. Please explain 

    Uttam Bhardwaj 7 months ago

    Q1 statement 2 is correct.

    Rau's IAS, Delhi 7 months ago

    First Question is asking about INCORRECT statement. So, the correct answer is (d) Neither 1 nor 2, as both statements are CORRECT. 

    Anupam Tiwari 7 months ago

    quees 1 is doubt