09 June, 2021 - Daily Current Affairs Analysis & MCQs - The Daily News Simplified from The Hindu
- Building trust in governance (Polity & Governance)
- High number of Cong. MLAs joined BJP (Polity & Governance)
- Shifting the Tax Burden (Indian Economy)
- This time for Male (International Relations)
- Bring genomic sequencing into the pandemic fight (Reference)
- Defence Offset Policy
- World Bank Report
- New Election Commissioner Appointed
- Question for the Day
UPSC Current Affairs: Building trust in governance: E-Governance: Benefits, Challenges and Solutions | Page 07
UPSC Syllabus: Mains – GS Paper II – Polity & Governance
Sub Theme: E-Governance | UPSC
Building trust in governance: E-Governance: Benefits, Challenges and Solutions
The Government has launched Digital India with a vision to transform India into a digitally empowered society and knowledge-based economy. However, there are a number of implementation challenges in the ICT based projects.
Poor Readiness: India fares poorly in the UN E-Government readiness Index due to poor Telecommunication Infrastructure Index and Human Capital Index. Focus must be on bridging the Digital Divide by enhancing the Rural tele density and imparting digital literacy to the people.
Bureaucratic Resistance: Thebureaucratic resistance due the threat of job losses should be overcome by demonstrating the potential benefits of e-Governance.
Poor Skillsets: Thetechnical and managerial skills have to be improved by focussing on the capacity building of the government employees.
Lack of Business Process Reengineering: As recommended by 2nd ARC, the government departments must undertake BPR to make their procedures more compliant with ICT projects.
Technological solutions: The different technological platforms adopted by the Government has led to problem of coordination. Further, these platforms are hardware specific. These aspects have to be addressed.Further, we need to ensure that the E-governance projects are secure and hence there is a need to strengthen cyber security measures.
Role of Private Sector Neglected: The private sector expertise has to be harnessed through implementation of E-governance projects through PPP.
Local Language content: There is a need to ensure that E-governance projects are also able to support the local languages for the benefit of people.
Lack of Monitoring and Evaluation:Regular monitoring would lead to continuous improvement in the E-Governance projects.
Lack of Integrated Database: As recommended by Economic Survey, there is a need for a single integrated database which is able to provide holistic and complete information about the Indian citizens.
Since the E-governance is considered to be an enabler for Good Governance, the Government must address these implementation challenges at the earliest and ensure greater benefits to its citizens.
UPSC Current Affairs:‘High number of Cong. MLAs joined BJP’| Page 09
UPSC Syllabus: Mains – GS Paper II – Polity
Sub Theme: Anti-defection| UPSC
The 52nd Amendment Act of 1985 provided for the disqualification of the members of Parliament and the state legislatures on the ground of defection from one political party to another. For this purpose, it made changes in four Articles 1 of the Constitution and added a new Schedule (the Tenth Schedule) to the Constitution. This act is often referred to as the ‘antidefection law’. Later, the 91 st Amendment Act of 2003 made one change in the provisions of the Tenth Schedule. It omitted an exception provision i.e., disqualification on ground of defection not to apply in case of split.
The following can be cited as the advantages of the anti-defection law: (a) It provides for greater stability in the body politic by checking the propensity of legislators to change parties. (b) It facilitates democratic realignment of parties in the legislature by way of merger of parties. (c) It reduces corruption at the political level as well as non-developmental expenditure incurred on irregular elections. (d) It gives, for the first time, a clear-cut constitutional recognition to the existence of political parties.
Though the anti-defection law been hailed as a bold step towards cleansing our political life and started as new epoch in the political life of the country, it has revealed may lacunae in its operation and failed to prevent defections in toto. It came to be criticised on the following grounds: 1. It does not make a differentiation between dissent and defection. It curbs the legislator’s right to dissent and freedom of conscience. Thus, ‘it clearly puts party bossism on a pedestral and sanctions tyranny of the party in the name of the party discipline’. 2. Its distinction between individual defection and group defection is irrational. In other words, ‘it banned only retail defections and legalised wholesale defections’. 3. It does not provide for the expulsion of a legislator from his party for his activities outside the legislature. 4. Its discrimination between an independent member and a nominated member is illogical. If the former joins a party, he is disqualified while the latter is allowed to do the same. 5. Its vesting of decision-making authority in the presiding officer is criticised on two grounds. Firstly, he may not exercise this authority in an impartial and objective manner due to political exigencies. Secondly, he lacks the legal knowledge and experience to adjudicate upon the cases. In fact, two Speakers of the Lok Sabha (Rabi Ray—1991 and Shivraj Patil —1993) have themselves expressed doubts on their suitability to adjudicate upon the cases related to defections
UPSC Current Affairs: Shifting the tax burden | Page 07
UPSC Syllabus: Mains – GS Paper II – Economic development
Sub Theme: BEPS| UPSC
UPSC Current Affairs: This time for Male | Page 09
UPSC Syllabus: Mains – GS Paper II – International relations
Sub Theme: India – Maldives | UPSC
Context: Maldives Foreign Minister Abdullah Shahid won the Presidential election of the United Nations General Assembly
- The United Nations General Assembly is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations, serving as the main deliberative, policy-making, and representative organ of the UN
- The President of the United Nations General Assembly (PGA) is responsible for chairing the United Nations General Assembly session for the elected term and is also the presiding officer for this duration
- This is a post held on an annual basis, rotated among various regional groupings. The 76th session (2021-22) is the turn of the Asia-Pacific group. This is the first time Maldives will occupy the office of PGA.
The tenure of Maldives as the President of UNGA coincides with the tenure of India at the UNSC as a non-permanent member
Opportunities for Cooperation between India and Maldives at UN:
- Vaccines: Both the countries can cooperate on matters related to Equitable access to Vaccines and TRIPS waiver
- Climate change:
climate change is detrimental to both developing countries like India and Small Island Developing States such as the Maldives. So, both the countries can collaborate to strengthen the global response to climate change, through the UNFCCC and the Paris Agreement
Peace and security in the Indian ocean region are of common interest to both the countries. In the backdrop of growing radicalization in the region, India and Maldives can revive discussion on Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism (CCIT)
(The adoption of the CCIT under the UN was first proposed by India in 1996, but it has been in limbo ever since due to opposition from several countries on some of the provisions laid out in the convention.)
- Multilateral Reforms:
India and Maldives can work in tandem for multilateral reforms.
(UNSC reformsàto expand UNSC permanent membership and make it more representative)
- Respecting International laws on the seas and navigation
Maldives’ proximity to the west coast of India and its situation at the hub of commercial sea‐lanes running through Indian Ocean makes it strategically important to India. Both the countries can work together to revive the sanctity of ‘United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea’
(In the backdrop of Recent US navy’s violation of the EEZ of India and Maldives and Chinese expansionism in Indo pacific region)