16 July, 2021 - Daily Current Affairs Analysis & MCQs - The Daily News Simplified from The Hindu
- Indian Monsoon and agriculture (Indian economy) (agriculture issues)
- Simpler drone rules to be offered (Science and technology)
- L-G rejects Delhi govt's list of lawyers (Indian Polity) (Constitution of India)
- Jaishankar meet Ghani, discuss Taliban (International relations)
- Jaishankar, Wang differ on way forward- International relations
- Question for the Day
UPSC Current Affairs: Indian Monsoon and agriculture| Page – 07
UPSC Syllabus: GS Paper III- Indian economy
Sub Theme: agriculture | UPSC
UPSC Current Affairs: Simpler drone rules to be offered I Page 04
UPSC Syllabus: Mains – GS II, III- National security and technology
Theme: Drone rules | UPSC
UPSC Current Affairs: Jaishankar meet Ghani, discuss Taliban I Page 08
UPSC Syllabus: Mains – GS Paper II; international relations
Sub Theme: India-Afghanistan | UPSC
Context : With Taliban gaining territories in Afghanistan and the US troops Withdrawal India
has concerns about the security of the region. With these concerns External Affairs Minister
- Jaishankar called on Afghanistan President Ashraf Ghani and met the U.S. Deputy National
Security Adviser and Special Envoy.
India had promised to continue India’s humanitarian assistance to Afghanistan, with a gift of
150,000 tonnes of wheat.
This was the first high-level meeting between Delhi and Kabul since the government decided
to pull out all Indian personnel from the Consulate in Kandahar.
Mr. Jaishankar also met U.S. Deputy National Security Adviser Elizabeth Sherwood-Randall
and U.S. Special Representative on Afghanistan Zalmay Khalilzad who are understood to be
discussing the possibility of an American military base in one of the Central Asian countries,
including in Uzbekistan, where the U.S. had shut down its Karshi-Khanabad base in 2009.s
UPSC Current Affairs: L-G rejects Delhi govt's list of lawyers I Page 03
UPSC Syllabus: Mains and Prelims: Indian Polity
Sub Theme: Government in Delhi | UPSC
The farmers have been protesting against the three farm laws for several months in the capital and as a result the police have registered several cases against them. The Delhi government had formed a panel of lawyers for a fair hearing of the cases registered against the farmers.
on the other hand, Delhi police selected a separate panel of its own lawyers for the same purpose.
Delhi’s LG has rejected the panel of lawyers selected by the Delhi government and asked it to give cabinet approval to the panel of lawyers suggested by the Delhi police.
This issue has created friction between Delhi government and its lieutenant governor. However, this is not the first time that there occurred friction between the two. Recently, The Delhi Lieutenant Governor Anil Baijal has rejected the approval for implementation of the 'Doorstep Delivery of Ration' scheme across the national capital. The frequent issues between Delhi govt and its LG arises out of the unique relation shared by them
Status of Delhi:
- Article 239AA of the Constitution of India granted Special Status to Delhi among Union Territories (UTs) in the year 1991 through 69th constitutional amendment by the Parliament
- This amendment has provided a Legislative Assembly and a Council of Ministers responsible to such Assembly for the UT.
- As per Article 239AA – Public Order, Police & Land in NCT of Delhi fall within the domain and control of Central Government which shall have the power to make laws on these matters. For remaining matters of State List or Concurrent List, the Legislative Assembly shall have power to make laws for NCT of Delhi.
Relation between Government and LG:
- The Council of Ministers (CM and his Ministers) are elected to aid and advise the LG in the exercise of his functions in relation to matters with respect to which the Legislative assembly has power to make law. Therefore, in respect of Public Order, Police & Land – LG would not need aid and advise from the Council of Ministers.
This power sharing mechanism has been responsible for the frequent issues between the elected government of Delhi and Its LG
As a result, “The Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi (Amendment) Act (GNCTD)2021” has been brought to define the responsibilities of the elected Government and the Lieutenant Governor in Delhi
Salient Features of GNCTD amendment act (2021):
- Government means LG:
The term “government” referred to in any law made by the Legislative Assembly will imply Lieutenant Governor (LG)
- LG’s opinion for executive action:
The amendment adds that on certain matters, as specified by the LG, his opinion must be obtained before taking any executive action on the decisions of the Minister/ Council of Ministers
- Reservation of bills for the consideration of the president:
The Amendment requires the LG to reserve those Bills for the President which incidentally cover any of the matters outside the purview of the powers of the Legislative Assembly
The amendment seems to have further constrained the role of executive power of the elected government of Delhi and further empowered LG. Only the time tests the efficacy of this amendment.
UPSC Current Affairs: Jaishankar, Wang differ on way forward I Page 09
UPSC Syllabus: Mains and Prelims: International relations
Sub Theme: India-China | UPSC
Context: External Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar and the Chinese Minister offered a starkly different message on their meeting held on the sidelines of the SCO.
Area of difference
With respect to the recent border dispute
Mr. Jaishankar reiterated India’s view in their talks - that the LAC crisis would have a bearing on broader ties.
Attempts to change status quo last year “disregarded commitments under the 1993 and 1996 agreements” and “have inevitably affected ties.
Mr. Wang, in contrast, said that in China’s view - “the responsibility does not lie with the Chinese side” for the LAC crisis.
The boundary should be kept “in an appropriate position”.
He said that both sides looked to “expand the positive momentum of bilateral cooperation and create favourable conditions for resolving differences through negotiation”.
With respect to assessment of how to tackle the remaining issues along the LAC, with problems unresolved in several areas, including Depsang, Demchok, Gogra and Hot Springs.
Mr. Jaishankar said “the successful disengagement in the Pangong Lake Area earlier this year had created conditions for resolving the remaining issues” and noted that “the situation in remaining areas is still unresolved”.
Normalcy in other areas of ties will not be possible until there is disengagement and then de-escalation along the border. As maintenance of peace and tranquillity in the border areas has been the foundation for the development of ties.
Mr. Wang did not refer to any remaining issues.
Both sides did agree that neither should take unilateral actions and that the current situation suited neither.