21 August, 2021 - Daily Current Affairs Analysis & MCQs - The Daily News Simplified from The Hindu

  • National Geological monuments (art, culture and geography)
  • Smart Health card of Odisha (Government schemes- Health sector)
  • Geography of Palm oil (Environment, geography, agriculture)
  • Scheme of the day
  • Question for the Day

Prelims Quiz


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    UPSC Current Affairs:  National Geological Monuments | Page – 10

    UPSC Syllabus: Mains: GS Paper I, III: Art and culture, Geography, ecology and environment

    Sub Theme: Geo-tourism  | UPSC   

    Context: Geological survey of India has identified certain geological sites in North-east for geo-tourism. 

    12 new locations to be added in the existing 32 approved Geo-tourism or geo-heritage site

    The Geological Survey of India (GSI) was set up in 1851 primarily to find coal deposits for the Railways. 

    Functions of GSI:

    • Creation and updation of national geoscientific information and mineral resource assessment. 
    • Conducting ground surveys, air-borne and marine surveys, mineral prospecting and investigations, multi-disciplinary geoscientific, geo-technical, geo-environmental and natural hazards studies, glaciology, seismotectonic study, and carrying out fundamental research.

    HQ: Kolkata

    Ministry: Ministry of Mines

    Unakoti Hill Site: An ancient Shaivite place of worship with huge rock reliefs celebrating Shiva. It is the prime tourist spot of Unakoti District, Tripura. 

    S. No

    Geological heritage site / National geological monument


    Volcanogenic bedded Barytes, Mangampeta, Cuddapah Dist. ANDHRA PRADESH


    Eparchaean Unconformity, Chittor Dist. ANDHRA PRADESH


    Natural Geological Arch, Tirumala Hills, Chittor Dist. ANDHRA PRADESH


    Erra Matti Dibbalu- the dissected and stabilized coastal red sediment mounds located between Vishakhapatnam and Bhimunipatnam. ANDHRA PRADESH


    Laterite near Angadipuram PWD rest house premises, Malapuram Dist. (KL)


    Varkala Cliff Section, Thiruvanatapuram Dist. (KL)


    Fossil wood near Tiruvakkarai, South Arcot Dist. TAMILNADU


    National fossil wood park, Sattanur, Tiruchirappalli Dist. TAMILNADU


    Charnockite, St. Thomas Mount, Madras. TAMILNADU


    Badlands of Karai Formation with Cretaceous fossils along Karai – Kulakkalnattam Section, Perambalur District. TAMILNADU


    Sedimentary Structures – Eddy Markings, Kadan Dam, Panch Mahals Dist.  GUJARAT


    Sendra Granite, Pali Dist. RAJASTHAN


    Barr Conglomerate, Pali Dist. RAJASTHAN


    Stromatolite Fossil Park, Jharmarkotra Rock Phosphate deposit, Udaipur Dist. RAJASTHAN


    Gossan in Rajpura Dariba Mineralised belt, Udaipur Dist. RAJASTHAN


    Stromatolite Park near Bhojunda, Chittaurgarh Dist. RAJASTHAN


    Akal Fossil Wood Park, Jaisalmer Dist. RAJASTHAN



    S. No

    Geological heritage site /

    National geological monument


    Kishangarh Nepheline Syenite, Ajmer Dist. Rajasthan


    Welded Tuff, Jodhpur Dist.   Rajasthan


    Jodhpur Group – Malani Igneous Suite Contact, Jodhpur Dist. Rajasthan


    Great Boundary Fault at Satur, Bundi Dist. Rajasthan


    Lonar Lake, Buldana Dist.   MAHARASHTRA


    Lower Permian Marine bed at Manendragarh, Surguja Dist. CHATTISGARH


    Columnar Lava, St Mary Island  Udupi Dist. KARNATAKA


    Pillow lavas near Mardihalli, Chitradurga Dist. KARNATAKA


    Peninsular Gneiss, Lalbagh, Banglore, KARNATAKA


    Pyroclastics & Pillow lavas, Kolar Gold fields, Kolar Dist. KARNATAKA


    Siwalik Fossil Park, Saketi, Sirmur dt., HIMACHAL PRADESH


    Pillow Lava in iron ore belt at Nomira, Keonjhar dist. ODISHA


    Plant Fossil bearing Inter trappean beds of Rajmahal Formation, upper Gondwana sequence around Mandro, Sahibganj dist. JHARKHAND


    Nagahill Ophiolite Site near Pungro, NAGALAND


    Stromatolite bearing Dolomite / Limestone of Buxa Formation at Mamley, near Namchi, South district. SIKKIM


    UPSC Current Affairs: Smart health cards of Odisha I Page 10

    UPSC Syllabus:  Mains – GS II: Indian health system

     Theme:  State level schemes | UPSC      

    Context: Biju Swasthya Kalyan Yojana launched by CM of Odisha for treatment in hospitals upto 5 lakh rupees. 


    1. Treatment reimbursement up to 5 lakh rupees per annum.
    2. Treatment can be availed in 200 hospitals across the nation.
    3. Upto 10 Lakh to women for treatment.
    4. It is a no-frill system: no cash is required.
    5. It will cover about 3.5 crore people. 


    UPSC Current Affairs: Geography of Palm oil I Page 05

    UPSC Syllabus: Mains GS I, III; important food and non-food crops

    Sub Theme:  Palm oil | UPSC

    • 11040 crore, Union government’s National Mission on Edible
    • Oils-Oil Palm (NMEOOP), 
    • To maximise cultivation and production of Palm oil 
    • Kerala state is the most potential state from the perspective of Palm oil
    • Wayanad and Palakkad districts could be major producing districts

    Why Kerala is important site?

    • Oil palm is humid tropical crop.
    • Rainfall: 150 cm or above
    • Temperature range: 22-32 degree Celsius
    • Other needs: 5-6 hours of bright sunlight, 80% or more of humidity, soil with high organic matter. 

    Kerala has moist and humid climate along with very dense vegetation to support organic soil matter. 

    Being tropical in its location and past history of plantation, Kerala can support easy shift towards palm oil cultivation and production.